The differences between “good cholesterol” and “bad cholesterol”
There are two types of cholesterol. The first is HDL (the “good” cholesterol) and the second is LDL (“bad cholesterol”).
The main difference between HDL and LDL is that “good cholesterol” is transferred from the cells to the liver, while “bad cholesterol” is transferred from the cells to the blood vessels and “park” in them, which can cause atherosclerosis (thickening and blocking of artery walls).
This cholesterol, called HDL, is a kind of protection against LDL cholesterol.
Low levels of HDL in the blood can be dangerous to disease and heart problems.
Some experts believe that HDL cholesterol distinguishes LDL cholesterol from the artery walls back to the liver, slowing down and slowing the narrowing of the arteries, and from there finds its way out of our bodies.
HDL cholesterol protects the body by restoring excess cholesterol from all parts of the body to the liver for gallbladder excretion, which is called “back transfer.”
This cholesterol has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which also contribute to its activity, which protects the body.
The “bad cholesterol”
This cholesterol, known as LDL, is not healthy for our bodies, but we need to know how to balance it with HDL cholesterol.
LDL cholesterol is absorbed into the liver by the specific receptor.
LDL cholesterol can form plaque (thick and hard deposits), which constrict the artery and thus cause atherosclerosis.
When the plaque ruptures, a blood clot may block blood flow through the same artery, causing serious injury to the body and blood flow in the heart and brain regions.
There is an interaction between a high amount of LDL cholesterol and heart, brain and vascular disease.
It should be emphasized that the lower the LDL cholesterol level, the lower the chance of heart disease and damage to the blood vessels and brain.
LDL and HDL ratio
Since HDL and LDL do not contradict – there is no additional information in the HDL to LDL ratio and those two parameters are calculated in relation to Total Cholesterol and triglyceride level